Dring Advent several Christmas Markets along Elztal open their stalls. Christmas has become the most significant holiday of the year in Elztal. Christmas is a contraction version of Christ's Mass. Custom is to have small fir trees decorated with apples, nuts, and paper flowers and all other sorts of schnick-schnack. In the early 19th century, the custom of christmas trees became popular among the nobility. Originally, Christmas trees were not brought into the home and decorated until 24. December and then removed the day after 6. January. Nowadays, the most common tradition is to put the tree up right after mid December.
Stollen is a bread-like cake, usually eaten during the Christmas (Christstollen). Stollen was created in Dresden in around 1450. Stollen is a light airy fruitcake made with yeast, water and flour, and usually dried citrus peel, dried fruit, almonds, and spices such as cardamom and cinnamon; the dough is quite low in sugar. The finished cake is sprinkled with icing sugar. The traditional weight is 2kg, but smaller sizes are now available.
If you walk along a Christmas market you will find hot wine and probably some Spätzle. Examples of variations of Spätzle are: eaten with sweet-sour lentils and frankfurter sausages (Wienerli), or mixed with fried onions and grated cheese, then baked in the oven as a substantial main course, called Käsespätzle.